The Beggar's Strike. Story by. Aminita Sow Fall. Adapted for the stage by. Carlyle Brown. Music by. Kysia Bostic. The Beggar's Strike was first presented by The. Start by marking “The Beggars' Strike” as Want to Read: Great Books B: The Beggars' Strike, or The Dregs of Society - Aminata Sow Fall. Aminata Sow Fall (born ) is a Senegalese-born author. HEGEMONIC MASCULINITY AND EMASCULATION IN BEGGARS STRIKE __ fepipvawoobig.cf Sylvester Mutunda. International Journal of Educational.
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All about The Beggars' Strike by Aminata Sow Fall. LibraryThing is a cataloging and social networking site for booklovers. PDF | 35+ minutes read | This study reveals how Aminata Sow Fall's The Beggars ' Strike uses the elements of event and discourse to. Trove: Find and get Australian resources. Books, images, historic newspapers, maps, archives and more.
One of the raids leads to the death of lame beggar, Madiabel, who ran into an oncoming vehicle as he tried to escape, leaving two wives and eight children.
Soon after, another raid resulted in the death of the old well-loved, comic beggar Papa Gorgui Diop. Enough was enough, declared the beggars.
It is, therefore, a religious duty. The beggars are disgusted that they have to pay the price for tourism and economic progress. For the beggars, they are as necessary to citizens of The Capital as the air they breathe. Where will you find a man who's suffering from a real or imaginary illness and who doesn't believe that his troubles will disappear the moment a donation leaves his hands? Even the parents of a man If the beggar's strike, how will people manage to fulfill their religious duty.
And that is the premise of the story. Mour Ndiaye wants to ensure he gets the promotion. He consults a holy man who issues specific instructions to give alms to the beggars, but only to those in their usual locations. However, the beggars have left the streets and moved en masse to the new Slum-Clearance Resettlement Area, a remote location outside the city. Ndiaye panics. People panic.
They drive to the resettlement area and form long queues. Ndiaye is in a ridiculous predicament - his job is to eliminate the beggars from the streets, but in order to receive a promotion, the holy man says that the beggars have to be on the streets so that Ndiaye can provide them with generous charity.
How can Ndiaye convince them to return to the streets so that he can become Vice-President? The novella - a long short story or a short long story - of only 99 pages is comical satire, full of wit and succinct dialogue.
It's a delightful, fun, engaging tale, but with enough situational substance to deserve the Grand Prix de Literature de l'Afrique Noire.
In return, he hopes to be promoted to vice-president of the nation. The beggars of today have adopted beggary as a profession, it How do you become a successful beggar in Sweden?
Key words: fine arts, images, begging, giving, beggar, giver, successful, solidarity , Begging Principles - Wiley Online Library ; beggars', but that too is implausible in view of the spontaneous human What reasons might be given, then, to circumvent what may strike some as the.
The Pearl - Point Pleasant Beach School District ; And the newcomers, particularly the beggars from the front of the church who were great Come look! While her native language is Wolof The Beggars' Strike, trans. Story by. Aminita Sow Fall.
Adapted for the stage by. In a reversal of roles, Mour becomes a beggar, while the beggars become the privileged. The beggars have triumphed over their oppressors. As we can see, now the beggars can no longer bear the suffering, discrimination and persecution, and they begin to speak out.
They demand they be treated with equality, dignity and respect. They would like everybody to know that the roundups organized by the police against them has made their life a misery, and that all and sundry should not forget that they are equally human beings who deserve to be treated with dignity and respect.
LITERARY REVIEW :The enduring lessons in The Beggars’ Strike
Placed in the position of entreating the beggars to return to the city, Mour is humiliated and ridiculed, he has been brought down low and made to somehow regain his sense of humanity. He is pushed to physical and mental exhaustion; his family life suffers, and ultimately, he fails in his bid to the Vice-Presidency.
The reversal of power relations between the rich and the poor, the able and disable, the well-connected and unconnected, is now complete; the strike has succeeded as the beggars have demonstrated their worth. The humiliation that he suffers is an indication of something gone wrong in the African political structure. It is evidence from the above that Sow Fall lays bare the vices and follies of Mour: In essence he was like the beggars he now despise.
Contrary to the way gender roles are designated in patriarchal societies, his wife Lolli did everything she could in order to support her family, as she says: Twenty years of marriage! You were nothing, nothing but a miserable beggar! Who wore herself a shadow to keep the home going on the smell of an oil rag?
Into the pocket of marabouts, to unlock the door to better times for you!
Have you forgotten that already? Ungrateful wretch and liar that you are! They prove that Mour Ndiaye is unmanly. But now that he has a higher position and is wealthy, Mour Ndiaye decides to take Sine, a seventeen year-old the same age as his daughter who works as secretary in a travel agency, as his second wife.
We learn how they met in the following excerpt: Mour met her at a hotel in a neighbouring country, which he had visited with his Minister [. She was very elegant and very modern TBS, p. And just tell me what contract am I tied by that prevents me from taking a second wife, if I so desire? Consequently, he expects his wife to be submissive and remain silent whenever he talks to her.
After all, he sees himself as the supreme head of the household, and if his wife fails to comply, she must pay for her insubordination. From the aforementioned, it is interesting to note that polygamy has becomes a barometer of masculinity.
The more wives a man has, the more he proves his courage, physical strength, and sexual potency. For Mour Ndiaye — a man who is experiencing mid-life crisis — polygamy is a way to upgrade his public standing as a virile man.
At this point, it is to be noted that Mour Ndiaye, is really a selfish, ungrateful, manipulative and callous exploiter. As Ajala contains, Mour has reached his present professional position by virtually climbing the ladder that is Lolli.
She has always been faithful, patient, and helpful to him; and she hopes that Mour will become Vice President. During his darkest hours, he has stood firmly by him. Now, the family is prosperous and she is just about to settle down to enjoy the fruit of her faithfulness and hard work when Mour, having exploited her enough, virtually discards her and marries young office secretary, Sine.
He believes that he is going to be appointed Vice President soon. But, before he gets the Vice Presidency, he must have an educated woman to compensate for his first wife Lolli who, by Western standards, is uneducated. Sine qualifies to be his second wife because she is young, fluent in French, and sophisticated. Therefore, Mour marries her not because he loves her but simply because it is necessary if she is to remain as a wife.
And since she is important in his game plan, he obliges her. As Mour Ndiaye sees it, the power relation between him and his wife is based on economic factors. Knowing that he is the sole provider, on whom Lolli now depends, Mour Ndiaye feels he has the right to do whatever he wants and she cannot resist his will.
The Beggars' Strike
To assert his worth, masculine force and authority, Mour Ndiaye moves in with Sine. Like Modou, the protagonist in So Long a Letter , Mour Ndiaye downloads Sine a luxurious villa and spends most of his money and time with her while neglecting his family. This is ironic because he claims to be head of the house and its main provider, yet abandons his family. Mour Ndiaye is unable to fulfil his expected traditional roles. Therefore, he does not deserve the status of head of the house.
Unlike Lolli, Sine is educated, enlightened and highly sophisticated. She rejects submission and asserts her independence and right to continue to exhibit her pre-marital life style and habits, such as smoking and wearing trousers and make-ups; she also rejects being given orders and prohibitions.
Indeed, as the narrative reveals, Sine cannot let Mour Ndiaye muzzle her, neither trample on her human rights.
The Beggars' Strike
Thus, she tells him: We shall never talk the same language TBS, p. From the excerpted passage, it is clear how Sine challenges patriarchal tradition. It is worth mentioning that, through Sine, Sow Fall gives women their share of justice: Also, to paraphrase Michael Kimmel , the image of those men who hold power is subject to change or contestation This is true for Mour Ndiaye, he cannot exercise his male dominance anymore; his patriarchal control has eroded in the presence of Sine, who knows her rights and believes in an egalitarian relationship.
While Mour is able to exercise his masculine power and privileges with his traditional and submissive first wife Lolli, he cannot do the same with Sine because she will not allow it. A close look at Sine reveals her force; she is empowered and seems to gather strength to speak up for herself. Her ideas, actions and attitudes challenge one of the foundation stones of hegemonic masculinity.
She rejects the subjugation of women by men in any sphere of life. It compels Mour to realise that he has to blame no one but himself. He rationalizes the problem in terms of age difference.
As the narrative reveals, Mour came to the conclusion that their misunderstanding arose from the great discrepancy in age between them, and because he was older than Sine, it was his duty to make certain concessions and grant Sine her wishes rather than imposing his authority, as this was detrimental to his respectability TBS, p.
It is therefore fair to state that Mour Ndiaye is engulfed in, and blinded by patriarchal norms and hegemonic masculinity. In other words, he is wrapped in power dipper that he believes nothing or no one can challenge him. He hangs on to patriarchal traditions because it can give him power and control over both men — especially the weak and defenceless — and women, but he does not realize that some traditions are losing meaning in a changing society and that they no longer work.
In his relationship with the beggars, Mour Ndiaye decides to ban begging without taking cognizance of either the religious or economic implications of his action. As a Muslim, he is expected to know the significance of the beggars to the society and Islam. In addition, as part of the government apparatus, Mour Ndiaye should first have thought of alternative means of livelihood and shelter before removing the beggars from the streets.
Furthermore, he should have considered the cultural and religious ramifications of his action before embarking on it. As a staunch supporter of polygamy and male chauvinism, Mour Ndiaye picks a younger and educated second wife Sine, in the hope to raise his masculine power status.
He forbids Sine to smoke, wear trousers and make-ups. Nevertheless, Mour eventually loses the battle of wits and willpower, as Sine is not prepared to submit to his patriarchal control.
Through Sine, Aminata Sow Fall has challenged the myth of male supremacy on one hand and female inferiority on the other. Finally, it could not be wrong to state that, through employment of literary devices such as irony and satire, Aminata Sow Fall comes out as an impressive spokeswoman for the underprivileged, men and women alike, who fight against the inequalities and discrimination which they experience. In other words, Aminata Sow Fall comes out clearly as a defender of the masses and as a champion of equal rights for women.
Lettre, Langue et Linguistique, 2 , Ajala, John D. CLA Journal, 34 2 , Azodo, Ada Uzoamaka. Emerging Perspectives on Aminata Sow Fall:You are either begging from man, or from God. The tone is playful and mocking; and the book is a fun, light read. Her short novel was published in Her book asks us to see the complexity and nuance in a social system, to carefully approach change, and to exercise compassion.
We learn how they met in the following excerpt: That is why we have built hotels and holiday villages and casinos to welcome them. Privacy Copyright. Her ideas, actions and attitudes challenge one of the foundation stones of hegemonic masculinity. Locate your factors why including is important. Minggu, 20 Februari [O